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Inase suppressor of Ras 1 (CNKSR1)* Correspondence: rudloffu@mail.nih.gov Equal contributors 1 Thoracic and Gastrointestinal Oncology Branch, Gastrointestinal Oncology Section, Investigator Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Building 10 - Hatfield CRC, Room 4-5950, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA Full list of author information is available at the end of the article?The Author(s). 201
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S. Increased CNKSR1 expression levels were observed in tumor tissues compared to matched normal tissue by Wilcoxon matchedpairs signed rank test (** p = 0.004)Table 1 presents demographic and clinical characteristics of the pancreatic cancer patient specimens used for clinical outcome associations (SEER, UMD, and NIH). Table 2 presents the demographics and tumor characteristics by CNKSR1 expressio
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S. Increased CNKSR1 expression levels were observed in tumor tissues compared to matched normal tissue by Wilcoxon matchedpairs signed rank test (** p = 0.004)Table 1 presents demographic and clinical characteristics of the pancreatic cancer patient specimens used for clinical outcome associations (SEER, UMD, and NIH). Table 2 presents the demographics and tumor characteristics by CNKSR1 expressio
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Enhancer of the Kinase Suppressor of Ras-1), a regulator and binding partner of KSR1, is another scaffolding protein which is less understood. Its role in pancreatic cancer biology, or as a biomarker, remains to be explored. Current data suggests that CNKSR1 has multiple roles cancer biology, with some reports demonstrating that CNKSR1 interacts with tumor suppressors and othersdescribe its scaffo
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Rbance values of the other wells. Average corrected absorbance was compared between transfectant and parental cells, using a t-test.ECM attachment assaysThe U87MG human glioma cell line was kept in tissue culture in DMEM (Cellgro Mediatech, Inc.), with 10 fetal bovine serum, and penicillin/streptomycin. For transfection, 2.5x106 cells were plated overnight on a 100 mm round dish. Cells were trans
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By the ample amount of normal mouse brain tissue available for dissection. In spite of species differences, cross-hybridization of mouse genetic material to human probes did prove to be a common occurrence. These data made it possible to control, rather stringently, for the potential contamination of tumor edge samples with mouse brain. Of course, there could still be possible contamination ?react
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Ed clones were compared to their GFP control counterparts. (Westerns controlled for loading by -actin IB). (D) Over-expression of galectin-1 promotes invasion. All cell counts were normalized to the parental cell line data. (Westerns controlled for loading by -actin IB).our identification of galectin-1 as a mediator of glioma invasion has been corroborated previously as detailed below. While previ
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Of each cell colony over 24 hours was calculated. Data for each cell line was averaged over 10 wells and compared between parental, control transfected, and galectin-1 transfected cells. A t-test was applied to compare means.In vitro invasion assay6.8 pg +/- 4.2 pg. In spite of this variability, the quality of the RNA was consistently high with a mean RNA integrity number of 8.13 ?0.74. Expression

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